Description: The mouse IL-17AF ELISA is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
for the quantitative detection of mouse IL-17AF. The mouse IL-17AF
ELISA is for research use only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic
IL-17A and IL-17F are members of the IL-17 family and signature Th17 cytokines. Of the six IL-17 family members, IL-17F and IL-17A share the strongest homology (50% amino acid identity) and the two genes are located in the same chromosomal region. Although both IL-17A and IL- 17F were originally found to be produced as disulfide-linked homodimers, recent studies have confirmed the production of IL-17AF heterodimers in in vitro-differentiated and polarized Th17 cells. Activated human CD4+ T cells in culture were found to secrete the IL-17F homodimer at 10-fold higher levels than the IL-17A homodimer, suggesting that the majority of the IL-17A protein expressed exists in the form of the IL-17AF heterodimer. Studies of Th17-polarized mouse splenocytes also indicate that the majority of IL-17 produced is complexed as the IL-17AF heterodimer.
IL-17F and IL-17A have been observed in tissue samples from various autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and asthma.