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Human Activin A Protein Carrier-Free

RUO: For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

SKU# 34-8993

Cat. No. Size
34-8993-82 100 ug
34-8993-85 500 ug
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Data for Human Activin A Protein Carrier-Free.

Inhibition of MPC-11 cell proliferation by Human Activin A Recombinant Protein Carrier-Free....View More

  • Data for Human Activin A Protein Carrier-Free.
Description

Description: Activin A is a member of the TGF-β superfamily, along with the other activin proteins and the structurally related inhibins. The activins are dimeric proteins formed by the association of two of the four existing β subunits, βA, βB, βC, and βE. These subunits are shared with the inhibin proteins, which are heterodimers of one β and one α chain. Activin A is a homodimer of two 13 kDa βA subunits, which can also associate with βB or βC to form Activin AB or AC, respectively. Activin A is expressed by various cell types and exhibits pleiotropic effects including the regulation of metabolism, homeostasis, cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis, and tissue healing. Activin A has been recently reported to work in synergy with TGF-β to promote the induction of antigen specific iTreg cells leading to inhibition of Th1 and Th2-mediated responses.

Details
Reactivity Human
Purity Greater than or equal to 95%, as determined by SDS-PAGE
Molecular Mass 26 kDa
Endotoxin Level Less than 0.01 ng/ug cytokine as determined by the LAL assay.
Reported Applications Cytokine Bioassays
Documentation
TDS Link Download TDS
Additional Formats
Cat. No. Name Excite Emit Application Reg.
14-8993 Human Activin A Recombinant Protein FA RUO
References

References: Semitekolou M, Alissafi T, Aggelakopoulou M, Kourepini E, Kariyawasam HH, Kay AB, Robinson DS, Lloyd CM, Panoutsakopoulou V, Xanthou G. Activin-A induces regulatory T cells that suppress T helper cell immune responses and protect from allergic airway disease. J Exp Med. 2009 Aug 3;206(8):1769-85.

Huber S, Stahl FR, Schrader J, Lüth S, Presser K, Carambia A, Flavell RA, Werner S, Blessing M, Herkel J, Schramm C. Activin a promotes the TGF-beta-induced conversion of CD4+CD25- T cells into Foxp3+ induced regulatory T cells. J Immunol. 2009 Apr 15;182(8):4633-40.

Chen YG, Wang Q, Lin SL, Chang CD, Chuang J, Ying SY. Activin signaling and its role in regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and carcinogenensis. Exp Biol Med. 2006 May; 231(5): 534-44.

Phillips DJ, Brauman JN, Mason AJ, de Krester DM, Hedger MP. A sensitive and specific in vitro bioassay for activin using a mouse plasmacytoma cell line, MPC-11. J Endocrinol. 1999 Jul; 162(1): 111-6.