Also known as IL-33 receptor (IL-33R, IL1R1), ST2 is a member of IL-1 receptor family. In the membrane bound form, it consists of three extra-cellular immunoglobulin domains and an intracellular toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain. ST2 forms a dimer with IL-1R accessory protein in a ligand-dependent manner. IL-33/IL-33R interaction induces the production of Th2 cytokines.
ST2 also has a soluble isoform lacking transmembrane and intracellular toll-interleukin-1 receptor domains. It is believed that the soluble form functions as a decoy receptor that can block membrane bound IL-33R/IL-33 interaction.
Expression of ST2 is noted in Th2 lymphocytes, mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, innate lymphocytes, smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. It is involved in host defense, allergy and inflammation. IL-33R/IL33 interaction has also been shown to be atheroprotective.
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FC = Flow Cytometry, Intracellular Staining/Flow Cytometry; ELISA = ELISA, ELISPOT; Multiplex = Multiplex Immunoassays; ICC = Immunocytochemistry; IHC = Immunohistochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Microscopy, Imaging, In Vivo Imaging; IHC-F = Immunohistochemical Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections; IHC-P = Immunohistochemical Staining of Formalin-Fixed Paraffin Embedded Tissue Sections; FA = Functional Assays, Bioassays, Neutralization, Depletion Studies, Biomolecule Conjugation; IP = Immunoprecipitation; WB = Western Blotting
RUO = Research Use Only; GPR = General Purpose Reagent; ASR = Analyte Specific Reagent. Analytical and performance characteristics are not established; CE = CE-marked reagents