IL-29 (IFN lambda)
Alias: Interleukin-29, IFNλ1
IL-29 is a protein of the helical cytokine family and is a type III interferon sharing many functions with the type I family of interferons. IL-29 does not bind the IFNα/β receptor, but rather signals through a receptor composed of the IL-28R1 and IL-10R2 subunits that is expressed on most non-hematopoietic cells. Generation of native IL-29 is achieved by monocytes and dendritic cells in response to viral infection and stimulation with toll-like receptor ligands. IL-29 plays an important role in host defenses against microbes and its gene is highly upregulated in cells infected with viruses. IL-29 has significant antiviral activity and immunoregulatory properties and appears to inhibit T helper-2 (TH2) responses regarding inhibition of IL-13 production, compared with IL-4 or IL-5. The antiviral activities of IL-29 include the upregulation of MHC Class I expression on the cell surface and the expression of PKR.
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FC = Flow Cytometry, Intracellular Staining/Flow Cytometry; ELISA = ELISA, ELISPOT, Multiplexing Immunoassays; ICC = Immunocytochemistry; IHC = Immunohistochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Microscopy, Imaging, In Vivo Imaging; FA = Functional Assays, Bioassays, Neutralization, Depletion Studies, Biomolecule Conjugation; WB = Immunoprecipitation, Western Blotting
RUO = Research Use Only; GPR = General Purpose Reagent; ASR = Analyte Specific Reagent. Analytical and performance characteristics are not established; CE = CE-marked reagents